Perfect quantum state transfer using Hadamard-diagonalizable graphs

Abstract:

Quantum state transfer within a quantum computer can be modelled mathematically by a graph. Here, we focus on the corresponding Laplacian matrix, and those graphs for which the Laplacian can be diagonalized by a Hadamard matrix. We give a simple eigenvalue characterization for when such a graph has perfect state transfer at time π/2; this characterization allows one to reverse-engineer graphs having perfect state transfer. We then introduce a new operation on graphs, which we call the merge, that takes two Hadamard-diagonalizable graphs on n vertices and produces a new graph on 2n vertices. We use this operation to produce a wide variety of new graphs that exhibit perfect state transfer, and we consider several corollaries in the settings of both weighted and unweighted graphs, as well as how our results relate to the notion of pretty good state transfer.

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  • N. Johnston, S. Kirkland, S. Plosker, R. Storey, and X. Zhang. Perfect quantum state transfer using Hadamard-diagonalizable graphs. E-print: arXiv:1610.06094 [quant-ph], 2016.